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Methods for reading development

Lexplore’s methodology for reading development is built on decoding, fluency, and language comprehension. These are the three important parameters that pupils must master in order to develop good reading comprehension.

Reading can be defined in several ways. Lexplore’s methodology is based on a well-established model,  "The Simple View of Reading". This model explains reading as the product of two foundational skills; decoding and language comprehension.  

Decoding and fluency

Decoding and fluency can also be described as the technical parts of reading. If you want to be really good at something, such as tennis, you must practice your forehand and backhand extensively before you can use them in a match. The same is true with reading. You must be able to connect letters with the correct sounds and put them together to form sentences before you can begin to understand and make use of your ability to read. However, it is not enough to be able to read technically. You must also be able to comprehend language.  

Language comprehension

Language comprehension means that you can understand the words in a text and use your previous experiences and knowledge to relate to what you read. You can also understand various grammatical structures.

Let's try to relate once again to the desire to win a tennis match. If it’s your very first match, you are likely to run in the wrong direction several times when your opponent hits the ball at you. But, if you have played several times before, it will be easier to read your opponent and understand where you should run when he is positioned in a certain way and is about to use his backhand. The same is true for reading. If you know something about a topic, you don’t need to decode every word in detail since you understand the content in context.  

Lexplore also highlights reading strategies as an important part of becoming a proficient reader who can truly enjoy reading.  

 

Simply put, reading strategies are a way to know how you should approach different types of texts and how to get the information you need from a text.  

When you bake a cake, you first need to make a list of ingredients so you know what you need to buy. You might google a recipe and have to scroll through a lot of text before you find the actual recipe. Even then, the recipe consists of instructions with several steps that you must sort through in order to make your shopping list.  

If you didn’t know what strategy to use to skip all the introductory text and look for the information you needed, it would have taken much longer. You know how to approach a text like this because you’ve done it many times before. If we imagine our pupils in the classroom who are meeting various types of texts for the first time, we understand that they need help finding patterns and knowing how to approach these texts.

Lexplore’s Teacher’s Guides offer exercises you can use to complement your instruction of decoding, fluency, language comprehension, and reading strategies.  

📖More reads on the topic


Ref.  

Ehri, C.L., Nunes, S.R., Stahl, S.A., & Willows, D.M. Systematic Phonics Instruction Helps Students Learn to Read: Evidence from the National Reading Panel’s Meta-Analysis Review of Educational Research, 71, (3) 393-447  (2001)   

Hoover, W. A. & Gough, P. B. (1990). The Simple View of Reading. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2, 127-160 

Palincsar, A. S. & Brown, A. L. (1984). Reciprocal teaching of comprehension-fostering and comprehension-monitoring activities. Cognition and Instruction, 1 (2), 117–175


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